Preamble of India is the brief description of the principles, aims and objectives of the Indian Constitution. It states:
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC and to secure to its citizens JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and opportunity; and to promote among them all; FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty sixth day of November,1949 do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION”.
NOTE = Two new words, ‘socialist’ and ‘secular’, were added to the Preamble by the 42nd amendment act.
1) The word SOVEREIGN means that India is free from any foreign rule, either internally or externally.
2) The word SOCIALIST means that India is free from all forms of exploitations, social, political or economic.
3) The word SECULAR means the state shall not have religion of its own.
4) The word DEMOCRATIC implies the political, social and economic democracy.
5) The word REPUBLIC means that the head of the state must be elected.
6) The objectives which the govt. should attain i.e., justice, liberty, equality and fraternity to its citizens.
7) The day of adoption of the Constitution i.e., 26th November 1949.