The proposal for a law is called bill. Ordinary bills can be introduced in any house of the parliament. It can be introduced by either a minister of the government or any private member of the house. Every ordinary bill that is introduced has to go through the following in each house.
Procedure relating to an ordinary bill in the union parliament:
There are three stages through which a bill has to pass in one house of the parliament. The procedure is similar for the state assemblies.
First riding, introduction stage:
Any member or member in charge of the bill seeks the leave of the house to introduce a bill. If the bill is an important one then the minister may make a brief speech and state its main features. After the bill has been introduced the first reading is demand to be over. Therefore in the first stage only the principles and provisions of the bills are discussed.
Second reading, dissection stage:
This stage concerns the consideration of the bill and its provision. It is divided into three stages,
On a date fixed for taking up consideration of the bill, there takes place a general discussion when only the principles are taken up for discussion. At this stage, three options are open to the house. The bill may be straight away being taken into considerations or it may be referred to any of the standing committees or it may be circulated for the purpose of eliciting general opinion thereon.
This stage is on the discussion on the report. The next stage consists of a clause by clause consideration of the bill as reported by the committee. When all the clauses have been put to vote and disposal of, the second of the bill is over.
Changes or amendments to the bill can be made only in this state. Amendments become a part of a bill if they are accepted by a majority of the members present and voting
Third reading, voting stage
The next stage is a third reading. The debate on the thirst reading of a bill is of a restricted character. It is confirmed only to arguments either in support of the bill or for its rejection without referring to its details. After the bill is passed it is sent to the other house. Rarely it happen that 50 % are in favour and 50 % are not in favour. In this case speaker of the lok sabha or the chairperson of the rajya sabha gets the chance. Then he/she will vote for the bill.