The President of India is regarded as the supreme head of the state who exercises the whole executive power of the union.
By the 42nd Amendment Act, it was made compulsory that the President should always work under the advice of the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Again, under the 44th Amendment Act, the President was given power to ask the Cabinet to reconsider its advice. But after reconsideration of the advice he must act according to that.
The President of India is elected by an “Electoral college” consisting of the elected members of the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies. He is paid a salary of rs.1.50 lakh p.m. He is provided with an official residence and he is entitled to many other perks and many more facilities.
List of Presidents in India
|Dr. Rajendra Prasad||1950 – 1962|
|2||Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan||1962 – 1967|
|3||Dr.Zakir Hussain||1967 – 1969|
|Varahagiri Venkata Giri||1969 – 1969|
|Md. Hidayatullah||1969 – 1969|
|4||Varahagiri Venkata Giri||1969 – 1974|
|5||Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||1974 – 1977|
|Basappa Danappa Jatti||1977 – 1977|
|6||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||1977 – 1982|
|7||Giani Zail Singh||1982 – 1987|
|8||Ramaswamy Venkataraman||1987 – 1992|
|9||Shankar Dayal Sharma||1992 – 1997|
|10||Kocheril Raman Narayanan||1997 – 2002|
|11||Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam||2002 – 2007|
|12||Pratibha Patil||2007 – 2012|
|13||Pranab Mukherjee||2012 –|