Law making procedure
Parliament is the supreme law making body in India. Legislative proposals are brought before either use of parliament in the form of a bill. A bill is a proposal drafted and presents to both houses of parliament. Once it is passed by both houses and signs by the president, it becomes an act or a law.
There are two bills- ordinary bills and money bills. An ordinary bill can be introduced in either house of parliament. After three readings an introduction, a detailed discussion and voting the bill is sent to the second house where a similar process is followed. If the second house does not agree to the bill, suggests changes to which the first house does not agree or does not act upon the bill within six months, a deadlock is created.
When there is a deadlock between the two houses, the president summons a joint sessions of both the houses. The session is presided over by the speaker of the lok sabha and the deadlock is resolved through a vote by a simple majority.
Once the bill is passed in both the houses, it is sent to the president for his/ her assent. if he/she signs the bill, it becomes an act to a law. The president may send the bill back for reconsiderations to parliament. If it is passed again and returned to the president, he/she must give his/her assent to it.
The lok sabha has been given greater law making powers in some respects. Money bills which relate to the finance of the country can originate only n bhe lok sabha. The rajya sabha can only make recommendations about these bills to the lok sabha. The rajya sabha can only make reformations within a period of 24 days. After this period, the rajya sabha no longer has any say regarding the money bill and the bill is deemed to have been passes by it.