The Directive Principles of State Policy can also be called as the “Fundamental Principles for the govt.”, because these are the basic rules for the governance of country. But they are not enforceable through the court of law. They are in the form of directions to the legislature and executive bodies of the govt., with the help of which they can run the administration of country efficiently.
These principles are contained in part IV, Article 36 – 51, of the Constitution and have been taken from the Constitution of Ireland.
Following are some of the important Directive Principles of State Policy:
1) To provide adequate means of livelihood to each and every citizen.
2) To provide free and compulsory education to children below the age of 15.
3) To provide better health facilities to its citizens.
4) To minimize the inequalities of income.
5) To distribute the wealth fairly among all classes of society.
6) To provide equal pay for equal work among men as well as women.
7) To provide employment, better health facilities, public assistance at the time of unemployment, sickness, old age etc.
8) To safeguard the historical monuments of national importance.
9) To raise the level of standard of living.
10) To maintain International peace and security and to settle any International disputes by Arbitration etc.
By the 42nd Amendment Act, The Supreme Court gave primacy to the Directive Principles over the Fundamental Rights.