Bharat Ratna

Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour given for the exceptional service towards advancement of Country. The Bharat Ratna was Instituted on 2 January 1954.

The Bharat Ratna recipients receive a Certificate signed by the President and a Peepal leaf ( Fig tree leaf / Ficus religiosa  ) shaped medal. There is no monetary grant associated with the award.

The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science and public services but the Indian Government modified the criteria to include “any field of human endeavor” in December 2011.

There is no formal nomination process for the award. The Prime minister of India can only recommend for the award to the President with a maximum of three nominees per year.

Few Points

==> It was instituted on 2nd january 1954

==> Recipients receive a certificate signed by the President and a medal (medal is having the shape of Peepal leaf with an image of sun over it

along with the word Bharat Ratna inscribed on it in Devnagari script.

==> There is no monetary grant associated with this award.

==> It is awarded by the Government of India.

==> 1st awardee = C.Rajagopalachari, C.V.Raman & Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (in year 1954).

==> The first person to be awarded posthumously was the India’s former P.M. Lal Bahadur Shastri, in year 1966.

==> The youngest person to receive this award is India’s famous Cricketer Sachin Tendulkar in year 2013.

==> The oldest person to receive this award was social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve in year 1958.

==> The first sportsperson to receive this award is Sachin Tendulkar in year 2013.

==> 2 Non-Indians who got this award :- Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan of Pakistan in 1987 & S.African President Nelson Mandela in 1990.

==> The award was briefly suspended twice in its history :- From July 1977 to January 1980 & From August 1992 to December 1995.

==> As of 2014, there has been 12 posthumous declaration of this award.

==> As of 2014, this honourable award has been given to 45 persons.

List of Bharat Ratna Awardees


NameYearResident Field
Shri Atal Vihari BajpayeePt.Madan Mohan Malviye2014 /15DelhiPublic Affairs
Shri CNR Rao2014KarnatakaChemistry (Scientist)
Shri Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar2014MaharashtraSports
Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi2008KarnatakaArts
Kumari Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar2001MaharashtraArts
Late Ustad Bismillah Khan2001Uttar PradeshArts
Prof. Amartya Sen1999United KingdomLiterature & Education
Lokpriya Shri Gopinath Bordoloi1999AssamPublic Affairs
Late Shri Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan1999BiharPublic Affairs
Pandit Ravi Shankar1999United StatesArts
Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam1998Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
Smt. M.S. Subbulakshmi1998Tamil NaduArts
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam1997DelhiScience and Engineering (Scientist)
Late Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali1997DelhiPublic Affairs
Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda1997GujaratPublic Affairs
Shri JRD Tata1992MaharashtraTrade & Industry
Md Abul Kalam Azad1992West BengalPublic Affairs
Shri Satyajit Ray1992West BengalArts
Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai1991GujaratPublic Affairs
Shri Rajiv Gandhi1991DelhiPublic Affairs
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel1991GujaratPublic Affairs
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedakar1990MaharashtraPublic Affairs
Dr. Nelson Mandela1990South AfricaPublic Affairs
Shri Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran1988Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1987PakistanSocial Work
Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave1983MaharashtraSocial Work
Mother Teresa1980West BengalSocial Work
Shri Kumaraswamy Kamraj1976Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
Shri V.V. Giri1975OrissaPublic Affairs
Smt. Indira Gandhi1971Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri1966Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane1963MaharashtraSocial Work
Dr. Zakir Hussain1963Andhra PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr. Rajendra Prasad1962BiharPublic Affairs
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy1961West BengalPublic Affairs
Shri Purushottam Tandon1961Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve1958MaharashtraSocial Work
Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant1957Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr. Bhagwan Das1955Uttar PradeshLiterature & Education
Shri Jawaharlal Nehru1955Uttar PradeshPublic Affairs
Dr. M. Vishweshwariah1955KarnatakaCivil Service
Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari1954Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan1954Tamil NaduPublic Affairs
Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman1954Tamil NaduScience & Engineering (Scientist)


4 thoughts on “Bharat Ratna

  • March 27, 2015 at 9:24 am

    I like this internet site because so much useful material on here.

  • September 16, 2016 at 2:36 pm

    I think this site has got some very great info for everyone. “The expert at anything was once a beginner.” by Hayes.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *