Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour given for the exceptional service towards advancement of Country. The Bharat Ratna was Instituted on 2 January 1954.
The Bharat Ratna recipients receive a Certificate signed by the President and a Peepal leaf ( Fig tree leaf / Ficus religiosa ) shaped medal. There is no monetary grant associated with the award.
The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science and public services but the Indian Government modified the criteria to include “any field of human endeavor” in December 2011.
There is no formal nomination process for the award. The Prime minister of India can only recommend for the award to the President with a maximum of three nominees per year.
==> It was instituted on 2nd january 1954
==> Recipients receive a certificate signed by the President and a medal (medal is having the shape of Peepal leaf with an image of sun over it
along with the word Bharat Ratna inscribed on it in Devnagari script.
==> There is no monetary grant associated with this award.
==> It is awarded by the Government of India.
==> 1st awardee = C.Rajagopalachari, C.V.Raman & Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (in year 1954).
==> The first person to be awarded posthumously was the India’s former P.M. Lal Bahadur Shastri, in year 1966.
==> The youngest person to receive this award is India’s famous Cricketer Sachin Tendulkar in year 2013.
==> The oldest person to receive this award was social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve in year 1958.
==> The first sportsperson to receive this award is Sachin Tendulkar in year 2013.
==> 2 Non-Indians who got this award :- Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan of Pakistan in 1987 & S.African President Nelson Mandela in 1990.
==> The award was briefly suspended twice in its history :- From July 1977 to January 1980 & From August 1992 to December 1995.
==> As of 2014, there has been 12 posthumous declaration of this award.
==> As of 2014, this honourable award has been given to 45 persons.
List of Bharat Ratna Awardees
|Shri Atal Vihari BajpayeePt.Madan Mohan Malviye||2014 /15||Delhi||Public Affairs|
|Shri CNR Rao||2014||Karnataka||Chemistry (Scientist)|
|Shri Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar||2014||Maharashtra||Sports|
|Late Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi||2008||Karnataka||Arts|
|Kumari Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar||2001||Maharashtra||Arts|
|Late Ustad Bismillah Khan||2001||Uttar Pradesh||Arts|
|Prof. Amartya Sen||1999||United Kingdom||Literature & Education|
|Lokpriya Shri Gopinath Bordoloi||1999||Assam||Public Affairs|
|Late Shri Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan||1999||Bihar||Public Affairs|
|Pandit Ravi Shankar||1999||United States||Arts|
|Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam||1998||Tamil Nadu||Public Affairs|
|Smt. M.S. Subbulakshmi||1998||Tamil Nadu||Arts|
|Dr APJ Abdul Kalam||1997||Delhi||Science and Engineering (Scientist)|
|Late Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali||1997||Delhi||Public Affairs|
|Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda||1997||Gujarat||Public Affairs|
|Shri JRD Tata||1992||Maharashtra||Trade & Industry|
|Md Abul Kalam Azad||1992||West Bengal||Public Affairs|
|Shri Satyajit Ray||1992||West Bengal||Arts|
|Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai||1991||Gujarat||Public Affairs|
|Shri Rajiv Gandhi||1991||Delhi||Public Affairs|
|Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel||1991||Gujarat||Public Affairs|
|Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedakar||1990||Maharashtra||Public Affairs|
|Dr. Nelson Mandela||1990||South Africa||Public Affairs|
|Shri Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran||1988||Tamil Nadu||Public Affairs|
|Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan||1987||Pakistan||Social Work|
|Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave||1983||Maharashtra||Social Work|
|Mother Teresa||1980||West Bengal||Social Work|
|Shri Kumaraswamy Kamraj||1976||Tamil Nadu||Public Affairs|
|Shri V.V. Giri||1975||Orissa||Public Affairs|
|Smt. Indira Gandhi||1971||Uttar Pradesh||Public Affairs|
|Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri||1966||Uttar Pradesh||Public Affairs|
|Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane||1963||Maharashtra||Social Work|
|Dr. Zakir Hussain||1963||Andhra Pradesh||Public Affairs|
|Dr. Rajendra Prasad||1962||Bihar||Public Affairs|
|Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy||1961||West Bengal||Public Affairs|
|Shri Purushottam Tandon||1961||Uttar Pradesh||Public Affairs|
|Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve||1958||Maharashtra||Social Work|
|Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant||1957||Uttar Pradesh||Public Affairs|
|Dr. Bhagwan Das||1955||Uttar Pradesh||Literature & Education|
|Shri Jawaharlal Nehru||1955||Uttar Pradesh||Public Affairs|
|Dr. M. Vishweshwariah||1955||Karnataka||Civil Service|
|Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari||1954||Tamil Nadu||Public Affairs|
|Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan||1954||Tamil Nadu||Public Affairs|
|Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman||1954||Tamil Nadu||Science & Engineering (Scientist)|